Improving life after brain injury Need to talk? 0808 800 2244

Join
Home About brain injury Further information Research Minor head injury research

A systematic review of...

A systematic review of neuroimaging findings in children and adolescents with sports-related concussion Main Image

A systematic review of neuroimaging findings in children and adolescents with sports-related concussion

Fri 20 Jul 2018

ABSTRACT
Background: Sport-related concussion (SRC) generally does not result in structural anomalies revealed through clinical imaging techniques such as MRI and CT. While advanced neuroimaging techniques offer another avenue to investigate the subtle alterations following SRC, the current pediatric literature in this area has yet to be reviewed. The aim of this review is to systematically explore the literature on magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and cortical thickness following SRC in children and adolescents.

Methods: A systematic Pubmed search using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis guidelines was conducted independently for each neuroimaging method. Studies were screened for inclusion based on pre-determined criteria.

Results: A total of 26 studies were included (MRS = 4, DTI = 10, fMRI = 11, cortical thickness = 1). A total of 16 studies were conducted solely with male athletes, while 10 studies recruited an unequal number of male and female athletes.

Conclusions: While MRI and CT are generally unrevealing, advanced neuroimaging techniques demonstrated neurometabolic, microstructural, and functional alterations following SRC in athletes younger than 19 years of age in the acute, subacute, and chronic phases of recovery. However, more studies are needed to fully understand the impact of SRC on the developing brain in children and adolescents.

Reference: Chamard, E., & Lichtenstein, J.D. (2018). A systematic review of neuroimaging findings in children and adolescents with sports-related concussion. Brain Injury, 32(7), 861-831.

Back

Share this page

Headway - the brain injury association is registered with the Charity Commission for England and Wales (Charity no. 1025852) and the Office of the Scottish Regulator (Charity no. SC 039992). Headway is a company limited by guarantee, registered in England no. 2346893.

© Copyright Headway 2022  -  Site designed and developed by MEDIAmaker