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Returning to work after TBI experiences explored in new research Main Image

Returning to work after TBI experiences explored in new research

Thu 06 Feb 2020

New research examines the variation in returning to work experiences among TBI survivors. 

What is a 'return to work' following traumatic brain injury? Analysis of work outcomes 12 months post TBI

Abstract

Background:

Literature lacks a clear description of return to work following traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Aim: to describe work metrics for people with mild and moderate/severe TBI at 3, 6, and 12 months post-injury.

Methods:

A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 172 TBI participants measuring work outcomes up to 12-months post-injury. Metrics described vocational status, accommodations, satisfaction, hours, time taken to return, financial status, and responsibilities. Logistic regression identified factors indicative of complete (80% of pre-injury hours) return to work.

Results:

59/86 moderate/severely injured (68.6%) and 68/81 mildly injured (84%) people returned to work following TBI. Twenty-eight (16.3%) achieved a complete return by 12 months. The regression model was statistically significant X2 (4) =  51.980, p = <.0005, suggesting that those with high health-related quality of life, anxiety and functional ability were more likely to achieve complete return to work. At 12 months, 41 participants (23.8%) had workplace accommodations. One hundredfifteen (66.9%) were less content with their job and many reported reduced working hours.

Discussion:

This study highlights the heterogeneity of work post-TBI. Even people with 'mild' TBI fail to make a complete return to work by 12 months.

Conclusions:

Further longitudinal research is needed to explore the personal and economic legacy of TBI.

Reference: Watkin, C., Phillips, J., & Radford, K. (2019). What is a 'return to work' following traumatic brain injury? Analysis of work outcomes 12 months post TBI. Brain injury, 34(1), 68 - 77. 

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Brain Injury on October 29, 2019, available online at the Taylor & Francis Ltd web site: www.tandfonline.com at www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02699052.2019.1681512

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